Thursday, 22 February 2024 | 09:14 AM
If you’re wondering what to do when insulted while fasting, here is a small sunnah to follow. This little but important piece of advice by Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) has been reported in multiple authentic hadiths.
Various hadiths, including authenticated ones by Darussalam and Albani, have reported Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) advising Muslims not to behave rudely or reply to rude behavior. It was narrated from Abu Hurairah (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ) that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “When anyone of you is fasting, let him not utter evil or ignorant speech. If anyone speaks to him in an ignorant manner, let him say: ‘I am fasting.’” (Sunan Ibn Majah 1691)
In another Sahih hadith, narrated by Abu Hurairah, the Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Fast is a shield; when one of you is fasting, he should neither behave in an obscene manner nor foolishly. If a man fights or abuses him, he should say: I am fasting, I am fasting.” (Sunan Abi Dawud 2363)
Similar variations of the same account by Abu Hurairah (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ) have been shared again in Sahih Muslim 1151a, and Muwatta Malik Book 18, Hadith 57.
Morning & Evening
'A 'oothu billaahi minash-Shaytaanir-rajeem. Allaahu laa 'ilaaha 'illaa Huwal-Hayyul-Qayyoom, laa ta'khuthuhu sinatun wa laa nawm, lahu maa fis-samaawaati wa maa fil-'ardh, man thai-lathee yashfa'u 'indahu 'illaa bi'ithnih, ya'lamu maa bayna 'aydeehim wa maa khalfahum, wa laa yuheetoona bishay'im-min 'ilmihi 'illaa bimaa shaa'a, wasi'a kursiyyuhus samaawaati wal'ardh, wa laa ya'ooduhu hifdhuhumaa, wa Huwal- 'Aliyyul- 'Adheem.
I seek refuge in Allah from Satan the outcast. - Allah! There is none worthy of worship but He, the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never encompass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Throne extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.(Whoever says this when he rises in the morning will be protected from jinns until he retires in the evening, and whoever says it when retiring in the evening will be protected from them until he rises in the morning.)
The best among Muslims is one with the best conduct. The right way of saying this dua is to be soft and in control of your manner. This sunnah is essentially a reminder for the one fasting as well as for the other person to not indulge in wrong behavior that may break one’s fast.
One major benefit of this act to follow when insulted while fasting, is regaining control over one’s self. Fasting is a way to learn how to control Nafs (self or ego) and one must not indulge in rude behavior or fights while fasting.
The correct response is to say, “I am fasting, I am fasting.” This act of reminder has been reported in multiple authentic hadiths such as Sunan Abi Dawud 2363 and Sahih Muslim 1151a.
Yes, one must refrain from replying to insult with insults while fasting. A Muslim must not indulge in rude behavior while he or she fasts. Thus, they must remind themselves and the other person that they are fasting. The particular sunnah to follow is to say “I am fasting, I am fasting”. (Grade: Sahih (Darussalam) Sunan Ibn Majah 1691; Grade: Sahih (Al-Albani) Sunan Abi Dawud 2363)