Friday, 01 December 2023 | 07:56 AM
Islam has given specific instructions for carrying out all essential tasks of life, including death and burial. The dua for placing the deceased in the grave is simple and short. Those placing the deceased in the grave must recite: Bismillaahi wa 'alaa sunnati Rasoolillaahi. "With the Name of Allah and according to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah."
Before Muslims bury their deceased in the grave, they give them a respectful burial, according to the guidelines of Islam. The body of the deceased is given a ghusal and is shrouded to honor and respect them. Burial takes place after the funeral prayer. Funeral prayer, also known as Salat ul Janaza, is a rite that a Muslim should fulfill for another Muslim and make abundant supplication for their guidance and the forgiveness of the deceased.
Once the deceased is lowered in the grave on their right side, those around are to add soil with both hands and pray for the departed soul. Uthmaan ibn' Affaan (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ) said: "When the deceased had been buried, the Prophet (ﷺ)would stand by (the grave) and say: 'Pray for forgiveness for your brother and ask for him to be made steadfast, for even now he is being questioned'" (Narrated by Abu Dawood, al-Janaa'iz, 2804; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood, 2758).
In the Islamic culture, after a person dies, they are buried six feet under the ground. Burial is the rite of a muslim that the family has to fulfill, and the funeral prayer is offered by the community. The process of burial is followed by the funeral prayer. When placing the deceased in the grave, the body is lowered in the direction of the Qibla or Kaaba gently through a wooden plank or a bier. When making dua for placing the deceased in the grave, make sure that you read the Shahadah while placing them on their right and pray for the forgiveness of the deceased solemnly.
When reciting dua for placing the deceased in the grave, it is a reminder to one that this life is mortal and will end. It gives one the moment of reflection on their lives and the kind of deeds they are doing. While it may give closure to the family or loved ones, making dua for placing the deceased in the grave is also symbolic of interceding and asking Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى) to forgive the deceased.
Putting green branches is allowed and is considered to be a source of relief for the deceased. Other than this, trees, plants, and flowering plants are recommended. Some Muslims may put flowers and scents on the grave, which is not prohibited.
The burial should not be delayed more than three days. It should be carried out as soon as possible so that the deceased is not disrespected.