Verse. 189

٢ - ٱلْبَقَرَة

2 - Al-Baqara

فَمَنْ خَافَ مِنْ مُّوْصٍ جَنَفًا اَوْ اِثْمًـا فَاَصْلَحَ بَيْنَہُمْ فَلَاۗ اِثْمَ عَلَيْہِ۝۰ۭ اِنَّ اللہَ غَفُوْرٌ رَّحِيْمٌ۝۱۸۲ۧ
Faman khafa min moosin janafan aw ithman faaslaha baynahum fala ithma AAalayhi inna Allaha ghafoorun raheemun


Ahmed Ali

He who suspects wrong or partiality on the part of the testator and brings about a settlement, does not incure any guilt, for God is verily forgiving and merciful.



'Abdullāh Ibn 'Abbās / Muḥammad al-Fīrūzabādī

تفسير : until, that is, the following verse was revealed: (but he who feareth from a testator) knows that the testator has committed (some unjust or sinful clause) purposefully committed a mistake or transgression (and maketh peace between the parties) between the inheritors and the testator, i.e. he corrects what is in the will by reducing any bequest to a maximum of a third of the wealth, (no sin for him) he bears no sin in doing so. (lo! allah is forgiving) he forgives the deceased if he transgresses or makes a mistake, (merciful) in relation to the deed of the testator; it is also said that this means: he forgives the testator, and he is also merciful because he gave dispensation to reduce bequests to a third and thus commanded that one adhere to fairness.

Jalāl al-Dīn al-Maḥallī

تفسير : but if any one fears injustice, an error, in straying from what is right, or sin, because he has purposely increased the share of a third or specified a rich individual, from one making testament (read mūsī or muwassī), and so makes things right between them, the testator and the trustee, by commanding that justice be done, then no sin shall be upon him, with regard to this matter; surely god is forgiving, merciful.