Verse. 201

٢ - ٱلْبَقَرَة

2 - Al-Baqara

اَلشَّہْرُ الْحَرَامُ بِالشَّہْرِ الْحَرَامِ وَالْحُرُمٰتُ قِصَاصٌ۝۰ۭ فَمَنِ اعْتَدٰى عَلَيْكُمْ فَاعْتَدُوْا عَلَيْہِ بِمِثْلِ مَا اعْتَدٰى عَلَيْكُمْ۝۰۠ وَاتَّقُوا اللہَ وَاعْلَمُوْۗا اَنَّ اللہَ مَعَ الْمُتَّقِيْنَ۝۱۹۴
Alshshahru alharamu bialshshahri alharami waalhurumatu qisasun famani iAAtada AAalaykum faiAAtadoo AAalayhi bimithli ma iAAtada AAalaykum waittaqoo Allaha waiAAlamoo anna Allaha maAAa almuttaqeena


Ahmed Ali

(Fighting during) the holy month (if the sanctity) of the holy month (is violated) is (just) retribution. So if you are oppressed, oppress those who oppress you to the same degree, and fear God, and know that God is with those who are pious and follow the right path.



'Abdullāh Ibn 'Abbās / Muḥammad al-Fīrūzabādī

تفسير : (the forbidden month) in which you entered to perform the lesser pilgrimage ('umrah) (is for the forbidden month) which they prevented you from performing, (and forbidden things in retaliation) one in retaliation for another. (and one who attacketh you) first, in the sacred precinct (attack him in like manner as he attacked you) by killing them. (and observe your duty to allah) and fear allah to begin with, (and know that allah is with those who ward off (evil)) he assists the pious by giving them victory.

Jalāl al-Dīn al-Maḥallī

تفسير : the sacred month, in return, for the sacred month, therefore, just as they fight you during it, kill them during it: a response to the muslims’ consideration of the momentous nature of this matter; holy things (hurumāt, plural of hurma, is what must be treated as sacrosanct) demand retaliation, in kind if these [holy things] are violated; whoever commits aggression against you, through fighting in the sacred enclosure, or during a state of ritual purity or in the sacred months, then commit aggression against him in the manner that he committed against you, the [muslim] response is also referred to as ‘aggression’, because that is what it resembles formally; and fear god, when avenging yourselves and [by] renouncing aggression, and know that god is with the god-fearing, helping and assisting [them].

Ali ibn Ahmad al-Wahidi

تفسير : (the forbidden month for the forbidden month…) [2:194]. said qatadah: “the prophet of allah, allah bless him and give him peace, proceeded along with his companions in the month of dhu’l-qa‘dah [intending to perform the pilgrimage] when they were stopped by the idolaters at hudaybiyyah. the following year, they entered mecca in the month of dhu’l-qa‘dah, performed the lesser pilgrimage (‘umrah) and remained there for three nights. the idolaters were proud that they turned them back on the day of hudaybiyyah, and so allah avenged them. he revealed (the forbidden month for the forbidden month…)”.