Surah Ar-Rahman

Surah Rehman, the 55th chapter of the Quran, can be found in juz (para) 27. Surah Rehman has 78 verses, divided into 3 ruku'. The title of the Surah, "Rahman," translates to "The Most Gracious." There are certain disagreements among scholars about Surah Rahman's historical context, particularly about the classification of this Surah as Makki or Madni. Many Muslim scholars and non-Muslim historians, such as Carl W. Ernst and Theodor Noldeke, believe it was revealed during the Prophet's (ï·º) time in Madinah after he migrated from Makkah (because of the Surah's short length, which is a common characteristic of Madni Surahs), other scholars such as Muhammad Abdel-Haleem categorize it to be a Makki Surah.

٥٥ - ٱلرَّحْمَٰن

55 - Ar-Rahman



Ahmed Ali



عَلَّمَ الْقُرْاٰنَ۝۲ۭ
AAallama alqurana


Ahmed Ali

Bestowed the Qur'an,


خَلَقَ الْاِنْسَانَ۝۳ۙ
Khalaqa alinsana


Ahmed Ali

Created man,


عَلَّمَہُ الْبَيَانَ۝۴
AAallamahu albayana


Ahmed Ali

And taught him to express clearly.


اَلشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ بِحُسْـبَانٍ۝۵۠
Alshshamsu waalqamaru bihusbanin


Ahmed Ali

The sun and moon revolve to a computation;


وَّالنَّجْمُ وَالشَّجَرُ يَسْجُدٰنِ۝۶
Waalnnajmu waalshshajaru yasjudani


Ahmed Ali

And the grasses and the trees bow (to Him) in adoration.


وَالسَّمَاۗءَ رَفَعَہَا وَوَضَعَ الْمِيْزَانَ۝۷ۙ
Waalssamaa rafaAAaha wawadaAAa almeezana


Ahmed Ali

He raised the sky and set the Balance


اَلَّا تَطْغَوْا فِي الْمِيْزَانِ۝۸
Alla tatghaw fee almeezani


Ahmed Ali

So that none may err against the scales,


وَاَقِيْمُوا الْوَزْنَ بِالْقِسْطِ وَلَا تُخْسِرُوا الْمِيْزَانَ۝۹
Waaqeemoo alwazna bialqisti wala tukhsiroo almeezana


Ahmed Ali

And observe correct measure, weigh with justice, and not cheat the balance.


وَالْاَرْضَ وَضَعَہَا لِلْاَنَامِ۝۱۰ۙ
Waalarda wadaAAaha lilanami


Ahmed Ali

He positioned the earth for all the creatures:


Themes and Subject Matter of Surah Rahman

The verses are divided into the following themes:

  • Verse 1-30: centered around Allah's (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى) powers, mercy, and blessings to those who inhibit his earth from humans to jinns
  • Verse 31-45: centered around the day of judgment and the punishments brought upon those who sin
  • Verse 46-78: centered around blessings and delights that will be given to those who make it to paradise

Surah Rahman is the only Surah in the Quran in which Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى) has directly addressed the jinns along with humankind. The Surah reminds and teaches Allah's creations to realize His creative powers and wonders. The most recurring statement in the Surah, "So which of the favors of your Lord would you deny?" reflects the basic theme of the Surah. Surah Rahman lists the countable blessings and wonders Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى) has bestowed upon His creations. Moreover, it also describes how there are uncountable signs of Allah's power and presence in the world for those who believe.

Surah Rahman reflects upon the accountability and helplessness of Allah's creation in front of Him. The Surah reflects upon the freedom of will and action and warns Allah's creations about the consequences of His disobedience with severe torment and the rewards of obedience with delights and blessings in paradise.

Virtues and Benefits

Helps Receive Allah's Mercy and Blessings

Allah says in Surah Al An’aam:

وَهَٰذَا كِتَابٌ أَنْزَلْنَاهُ مُبَارَكٌ فَاتَّبِعُوهُ وَاتَّقُوا لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ

Wahatha kitabun anzalnahu mubarakun faittabiAAoohu waittaqoo laAAallakum turhamoona - Al-An'am

And likewise, We revealed this (Book) - a blessed one. Follow it, then, and become God-fearing; you may be shown mercy. (al-An’aam 6:155)

This verse displays how the Quran is a blessing from Allah, and recitation and reading of the Quran instills fear of Allah in one's heart and helps one receive his mercy in this life and the hereafter.

Surah Rahman for Health

Every word of the blessed Quran is meant to heal Allah's creation. However, Surah Rahman has especially been observed to have miraculous impacts on providing relief from physical ailments and diseases. Surah Rahman is also widely used to recite, listen, and read by patients suffering from diabetes, cancer, and other physical hardships.

Helps Achieve Success in the Afterlife

Abu Umamah (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ) reported: "I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying, "Read the Qur'an, for it will come as an intercessor for its reciters on the Day of Resurrection." – Riyad as-Salihin 991