Verse. 452

٣ - آلِ عِمْرَان

3 - Al-Imran

فَبِمَا رَحْمَۃٍ مِّنَ اللہِ لِنْتَ لَھُمْ۝۰ۚ وَلَوْ كُنْتَ فَظًّا غَلِيْظَ الْقَلْبِ لَانْفَضُّوْا مِنْ حَوْلِكَ۝۰۠ فَاعْفُ عَنْھُمْ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لَھُمْ وَشَاوِرْھُمْ فِي الْاَمْرِ۝۰ۚ فَاِذَا عَزَمْتَ فَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَي اؘ۝۰ۭ اِنَّ اللہَ يُحِبُّ الْمُتَوَكِّلِيْنَ۝۱۵۹
Fabima rahmatin mina Allahi linta lahum walaw kunta faththan ghaleetha alqalbi lainfaddoo min hawlika faoAAfu AAanhum waistaghfir lahum washawirhum fee alamri faitha AAazamta fatawakkal AAala Allahi inna Allaha yuhibbu almutawakkileena


Ahmed Ali

It was through God's mercy that you dealt with them gently; for had you been stern and hard of heart they would surely have broken away from you. So pardon them and pray that forgiveness be theirs, and seek their counsel in all affairs, And when you have come to a decision place your trust in God alone, for He loves those who place their trust in Him.



'Abdullāh Ibn 'Abbās / Muḥammad al-Fīrūzabādī

تفسير : (it was by the mercy of allah that thou wert lenient with them (o muhammad), for if thou hadst been stern) harsh in speech (and fierce of heart) coarse with them (they would have dispersed from round about thee. so pardon them) pardon your companions for that which may ensue from them (and ask forgiveness for them) from that transgression which ensues from them (and consult with them upon the conduct of affairs) in matter of war. (and when thou art resolved) to do something, (then put your trust in allah) to give you triumph and domination. (lo! allah loveth those who put their trust) in him.

Jalāl al-Dīn al-Maḥallī

تفسير : it was by the mercy of god that you, o muhammad (s), were lenient with them, that is, [that] you showed indulgence [toward them] when they disobeyed you; had you been harsh, ill-natured, and fierce of heart, brutish and coarse towards them, they would have dispersed, split away, from about you. so pardon them, pass over what they have done, and ask forgiveness for them, for their sins, until i forgive them, and consult them, find out their opinions, in the matter, that is, your affair in the battle and otherwise, in order to win their hearts over and so that you may be emulated [in this respect]; and indeed, the prophet (s) would frequently consult them. and when you are resolved, to carry out what you wish after counsel, rely on god, put your trust in him and not in [any] counsel; for god loves those who rely, on him.

Sahl al-Tustari

تفسير : it was by the mercy of god that you [muḥammad] were lenient with them…this means, ‘due to an act of sympathy (ʿaṭf ) from god you dealt gently with them’, and if you had been harsh, with [your] tongue, and fierce of heart, they would have dispersed from about you, that is, ‘they would have separated themselves from you’. so pardon them, that is, ‘overlook their faults’, and ask forgiveness for them, for their defeat on the day of uḥud. consult them in the matter, that is, ‘do not distance them from yourself because of their disobedience, but accommodate them through your graciousness (faḍl), for it is through us that you pardon, through us that you seek forgiveness, and to us that you turn for guidance’. then, when you are resolved, that is, ‘if you wish to carry something out after consultation’, put your trust in god…, that is, ‘rely on god notwithstanding that [consultation], consign all your affairs to him, and depend on him without regard for anyone else.’ he [the prophet] did not leave this world before god, exalted is he, had disclosed to his heart realms of knowledge which were between him and god, exalted is he, without any intermediary, due to his love of pondering and reflection, in reverent awareness (iʿtibār) of the omnipotence of his lord, so that he attained an increase from god most high, just as he was commanded in the words of god, exalted is he, but say: ‘my lord! increase me in knowledge’ [20:114]. furthermore, he enjoined this upon his nation (umma), as is related from the prophet <img border="0" src="images/salatonmassenger.jpg" width="24" height="22"> in his words, ‘consult those who are mindful of god (muttaqūn), who have preferred the hereafter over this world, and who give you priority over themselves in your affairs.’ and he also said, ‘consult the righteous scholars, and when you have made your resolve to carry something out, put your trust in god.’he [sahl] said [in this regard]:fraternise with brothers among the people who are mindful of god, and let the person whom you consult be one of those who fear god, exalted is he. let your word not be broken. and never be hostile to anyone until you know the states of his conduct with god, exalted is he. if he has good conduct with god; then do not be hostile towards him, for certainly god, exalted is he, will not forsake him for you. and if his conduct is bad, do not be hostile towards him [either] for his bad conduct will suffice him. he also said:whoever is consulted and then gives advice that is contrary to his own opinion, god most high will strip him of his opinion, that is, he will dupe him into [believing] what he advised. [moreover], whoever consults, puts his trust in god, carries out what he has resolved to do, but afterwards regrets [what has happened] has reproached god, exalted is he.concerning his words: