Al-Adab Al-Mufrad

Welcome to Al-Adab Al-Mufrad at Muslim and Quran! This is a comprehensive guide to the esteemed compilation of authentic Hadiths by Imam Bukhari, concentrated on the ethics and etiquettes of the correct Islamic behaviors and manners sourced from the Sunnah (ﷺ). This page will help you navigate this hadith book with a basic understanding of its structure to benefit from it comprehensively.

Transform yourself through the exceptional etiquettes and spiritual guidance of the Last Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), carefully preserved by the Sahaba (Companions) and their successors. Progress your knowledge and practice of Adab (manners) to refine your etiquettes according to the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) with this rigorously compiled collection, and guide your actions and intentions to one of the correct Fiqh in Islam.

With our platform's user-friendly features, navigation tools, and a searchable database, explore this work by Imam Bukhari with incredible ease! Whether a seasoned scholar or a budding learner, our unparalleled features in the Muslim and Quran application allow learners of all levels to adapt the contents according to their learning needs. We designed these features to be your gateway to the life-changing guidance of beneficial works from venerated scholars.

Al-Adab Al-Mufrad

الأدب المفرد

Al-adab al-mufrad is a topical book of hadiths collected by Imam Muhammad al-Bukhari addressing the question of perfecting Muslim manners, based on the manners practiced by Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ). The book contains a total of 1,322 hadiths.

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Current Location: Islamabad, Pakistan

To be a Muslim, it is imperative to whole-heartedly submit to the direct commandment of Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى): to follow and obey the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). The words of Allah in the Quran testify to this core belief: "O believers! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. Should you disagree on anything, then refer it to Allah and His Messenger if you ⸢ truly ⸣ believe in Allah and the Last Day. This is the best and fairest resolution." [Surah Nissa 4:59]

The Noble Quran, paired with the Sunnah (ﷺ) and the Hadiths, is a complete guide to the Islamic way of worship and living, shaping the Islamic code of conduct. The life (Sunnah) and the sayings (Hadith) of Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) are the illuminating sources of knowledge of Islam, observed and preserved by his Companions (رضی ٱللَّٰهُ عنھم). 

The scholars are further inspired and motivated by the Hadith narrated by Zayd ibn ThabitI (رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ), who heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: May Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى) brighten a man who hears a tradition from us, gets it by heart, and passes it on to others. Many a bearer of knowledge conveys it to one who is more versed than he is, and many a bearer of knowledge is not versed in it. (Grade: Sahih (Al-Albani) Sunan Abi Dawud 3660).

By developing an accurate methodology of preserving as well as verifying the narrators (Isnad) for authenticity, Islamic scholars have transmitted these Hadiths to us present-day Muslims, saving us a lifetime of struggle to authenticate narrations of the Prophet (ﷺ).

Al-Adab Al-Mufrad

Al-Adab al-Mufrad (Arabic: الأدب المفرد) is a unique work of Muhammad Al Bukhari, the venerated scholar who compiled the most authentic collection of hadiths, Sahih Bukhari. It is a topical book of hadiths that address the need to perfect manners according to the Islamic code of conduct.

Al-Adab al-Mufrad is the ancillary book of ahadith by Imam al-Bukhari, the first being the renowned Sahih Al-Bukhari. It is an illustrious collection of 1,322 narrations of Hadith-e-Nabawi (ﷺ) on Islamic etiquette and conduct. It is an insightful work into how one should behave in their day-to-day life as practiced by the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), his Sahaba (رضی ٱللَّٰهُ عنھم), the Tabi'in, and Tabi' al-Tabi'in (successors).

The book has managed to tackle a variety of subjects, from dealing with particular family members to shopping and even how to walk properly. Its unique depth and profoundness have made it an undeniable classic in Islamic literature.

While the Sahih Bukhari is the most popular hadith collection by Imam Bukhari, al-Adab al-Mufrad was also a significant work. In this collection, Imam al-Bukhari did not follow the strict criteria of authenticity that he did Sahih Bukhari. However, later scholars found that almost all narrations within the book were sound enough to be credible.

About Imam Bukhari

Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Ismāʿīl ibn Ibrāhīm al-Juʿfī al-Bukhārī, was a Muslim scholar of Hadith (Muhaddith), now universally regarded shortly as Imam Bukhari (21 July 810 – 1 September 870). He is ubiquitously regarded as the leading muhadit (hadith scholar) in Islamic literature with his extant works, such as Sahih al-Bukhari, al-Adab al-Mufrad, and al-Tarikh al-Kabir. He was born in Bukhara in present-day Uzbekistan and became interested in the study of the deen, especially Hadith, in his formative years.

Imam Bukhari traveled the world and learned under influential scholars of his time. He recorded 600,000 ahadith and eventually compiled his famous collection, Sahih al-Bukhari, by 846. Facing antagonism due to some of his remarks, he subsequently moved to Khartank, near Samarkand, where he later died. His tomb is located at Hartang, Uzbekistan, near Samarkand.

The Structure of Al-Adab Al-Mufrad

There are a total of 57 chapters, topically dividing the hadiths according to several subdivisions of holistic manners according to the way Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) conducted his manners in his life. Here are the first 10 chapters as an example of the sub-topics. 

  1. Parents
  2. Ties of Kinship
  3. Mawlas (Clients of Manumission)
  4. Looking after girls
  5. Looking after children
  6. Neighbors
  7. Generosity and Orphans
  8. Children's Death
  9. Being a master
  10. Supervision

Here are some of the key terms that you will come across as you read through al-Adab al-Mufrad 

  • Adab: Arabic for manners or behavior
  • Sharīʿah: Islamic sacred law providing core ethics and values through Quran and Sunnah (ﷺ)
  • Hadith: narrations of the sayings, actions, or approvals of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ)
  • Isnad: Chain of transmission, the narrators who transmitted the Hadith
  • Matn: the essential text or content of a hadith
  • Sahih: Authentic 
  • Da'if: Weak

Read Al-Adab Al-Mufrad with Muslim and Quran

While the book is arranged simplistically according to sub-topics, its interpretation and application do require extensive knowledge and understanding of Hadith and scholarly expertise. You are recommended to exercise caution as well as consult qualified scholars when taking ethical guidance from the book. Additionally, be mindful and respect the general copyright and usage rights when accessing and sharing.

Muslim and Quran application is designed to ease your learning of Hadith books with the most helpful navigation tools and a searchable database to simplify your Islamic learning. Search any particular hadith, according to precise number, topic, or word with our search feature. With additional features, you can even jot down your notes, share the individual hadiths, and save them for later referencing! Available at the MuslimandQuran website and mobile application, so download the mobile app now to effortlessly access all your Islamic resources such as the Quran or Hadith!